Advances in Seismic Vulnerability Assessment of Reinforced Concrete Buildings Applied to the Experience of Lorca (Spain) 2011 Earthquake

Advances in Seismic Vulnerability Assessment of Reinforced Concrete Buildings Applied to the Experience of Lorca (Spain) 2011 Earthquake

J.L. Ródenas A. Tomás S. García-Ayllón

Department of Civil Engineering, Universidad Politécnica de Cartagena (UPCT), Spain

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Despite the technical advances in seismic structural design, many regions still present a high level of seismic risk, principally due to the high vulnerability of their buildings. A modification of the empirical method for assessing the seismic vulnerability of reinforced concrete buildings in urban areas is proposed in this contribution. In the RISK-UE LM1 framework, the values of certain behaviour modifiers related to the typological, structural and urban parameters of the buildings have been modified according to a review and analysis of the currently available models and an evaluation of the actual seismic performance of buildings. This provides continuity to the progress of the previous works published to date. The proposal has been applied to the city of Lorca, Spain, for which ample knowledge of the damage occurred in the earthquake of May 11, 2011 is available. Less dispersion between actual observed and estimated damage in buildings is presented in comparison with the previous studies, with a statistical significance of 5%, thus achieving a more accurate evaluation of seismic risk. The new model also provides valuable information to be used in the planning and management of post-earthquake emergency situations when combining with GIS techniques, thus allowing for a better definition of several damage scenarios to enhance the development and urban preparedness in case of further seismic events.


emergency management, empirical vulnerability assessment, observed damage, seismic vulnerability


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