Stability Analysis of the First-Order Steady- State Solution in the Czochralski Crystal Growth Process Using Perturbation Techniques

Stability Analysis of the First-Order Steady- State Solution in the Czochralski Crystal Growth Process Using Perturbation Techniques

Najib Georges Arthur David Snider Camille Amine Issa

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Balamand, Lebanon

Department of Electrical Engineering, University of South Florida, USA

Department of Civil Engineering, Lebanese American University

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The Czochralski crystal growth manufacturing process results in small periodic and undesirable fluctuations in the crystal diameter under certain conditions. These fluctuations have strong, non-linear characteristics and are likely to appear at combinations of critical values of certain parameters, such as the rotational velocity, the ratio of crystal radius to crucible radius, and the temperature gradient.

This paper uses perturbation theory to try to identify the critical combinations of parameters that lead to these fluctuations. Firstly, the zero and first-order equations are obtained. Secondly, numerically-based steady-state solutions of these equations are calculated, and finally, the stability of the steady-state solutions is examined. It is observed that the steady-state solutions do not exhibit any unusual patterns for any values of the configuration parameters. Furthermore, all the steady-state solutions are found to be stable for all initial conditions; therefore, the steady-state solutions and the analysis of their stability did not indicate the source of the observed fluctuations. This analysis suggests that a better approximation of the equations such as second order perturbation analysis may be needed to identify the conditions that lead to the observed fluctuations.


Czochralski crystal growth, finite differences, periodic fluctuations, perturbation theory, steady-state solution


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