Towards the Autonomy of Urban Management: Simple System as A Solution for Complex Urban Environment

Towards the Autonomy of Urban Management: Simple System as A Solution for Complex Urban Environment

R. Barelkowski K. Barelkowska L. Chlasta J. Janusz L. Wardeski 

West-Pomeranian University of Technology in Szczecin

University of Technology and Life Sciences in Bydgoszcz

| |
| | Citation



There was an unprecedented development of cities, both in 19th and 20th century. Especially, late 20th century faced the moment in which urban population exceeded rural population only to accelerate this trend at the turn of the 21st century. Cities have become extremely fragile, technologically densified, extremely saturated with men and their artifacts, and too much extent very random, chaotic in its emergent patterns, either expanding the city or transforming its existent parts.

Simultaneously, these complex urban patterns encouraged the elaboration of sophisticated systems of urban management. But these systems work only in some areas of the world, most often unable to follow the quick rate of expansion. Therefore, substandard urban areas, undeveloped or overdeveloped, poor areas, segregation, exclusion zones, economically inefficient areas which cannot gain resources to get renovated, refurbished, and renewed.

The work discusses small-scale intervention in chaotic urban areas – Ariadne’s Thread system intended to provide signage, telecommunication support, emergency reactive platform with surveillance options, and lighting integrated and dedicated to areas currently having none of these systems appropriately developed. The cluster of pylons connects to permanent local node, compulsory hard infrastructural element. The role of the latter, tasks to perform, the equipment used to analyze signals from cluster and respond in an appropriate manner is a significant supplementing and coordinating hub of the system. This paper will present the structure of the system, its working patterns, and methodology applied.


design for communities, development and management, infrastructural systems, planning, sustainability, urban strategies


[1] Bithas, K.P. & Christofakis, M., Environmentally sustainable cities: critical review and operational conditions. Sustainable Development, 14, pp. 185–187, 2006.

[2] Bolay, J.C., Slums and urban development: questions on society and globalization. The European Journal of Development Research, 18(2), pp. 287–289, 2006.

[3] Ooi, G.L. & Phua, K.H., Urbanization and slum formation. Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine, 84(1), pp. i28–i29, 2007.

[4] Ibid. (30).

[5] Tsenkova, S., Self-made cities. In Search of Sustainable Solutions for Informal Settlements in the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe Region, United Nations Publications: New York and Geneva, 2009.

[6] Ibid. (16-17).

[7] Nilsson, K., Nielsen, T.S., Aalbers, C., Bell, S., Boitier, B., Chery, J.P., Fertner, C.,  Groschowski, M., Haase, D., Loibl, W., Pauleit, S., Pintar, M., Piorr, A., Ravetz, J., Ristimäki, M., Rounsevell, M., Tosics, I., Westerink, J. & Zasada, I., Strategies for sustainable urban development and urban-rural linkages, research briefings. European Journal of Spatial  Development, 2014.

[8] Ajayi, O.O., Oviasogie, F.O., Azuh, D.E. & Duruji, M.M., Urban design and sustainable development: a case of Makoko area of Lagos State, Nigeria. European Scientific Journal, 2, pp. 90–91, 2014.

[9] Ali, M.H. & Sulaiman, M.S., The Causes and Consequences of the Informal Settlements in Zanzibar, Shaping the Change, XXIII FIG Congress Munich, Germany, pp. 1–5, 2006.

[10] Marx, B., Stoker, T. & Suri, T., The Economics of Slums in the Developing World. Journal of Economic Perspectives, 27(4), pp. 192–193, 2013.

[11] Pearlman, J., Favela. Four Decades of Living on the Edge in Rio de Janeiro. Oxford University Press; New York, 74–77, 268-271.

[12] Xavier, H.N. & Magalhaes, F., The case of Rio de Janeiro. Understanding Slums: Case Studies for the Global Report on Human Settlements, 21–24, 2003.

[13] Godwin Premsing, J. & Philip, S., Improving living conditions in Slums Dwellers. IOSR Journal of Humanities and Social Science, 19(6), pp. 63–64, 2014.

[14] Banerjee, B., Acioly, C., Gebre-Egziabher, A., Clos, J. & Dietrich, K., Streets as tools for urban transformation in slums: a street-led approach to citywide slum upgrading. UN-Habitat Working Paper, United Nations Human Settlements Programme , UNON, 13–15, 18–22, 2012.

[15] Ibid. (22).

[16] Op. cit., Pearlman (2010: 22).

[17] Ibid. (84).

[18] Dhote, K.K., Singh, P.O. and Silakari, R., Social implication assessment framework for basic services to an urban poor program in India. In The Sustainable City VIII. Urban Regeneration and Sustainability, eds. S.S. Zubir & C.A. Brebbia, WIT Transactions on Ecology and the Environment, Vol. 179, Wessex Institute of Technology, WIT Press, Southampton & Boston, 1321–1330, 2013.

[19] Restrepo, A.E. & Orsini, F.M., Informality and Social Urbanism in Medellin, in M. Hermelin, A. Echeverri and J. Giraldo (eds.), Medellin: Environment, Urbanism, and Society, Universidad EAFIT, Fondo Editorial, 148–149, 2010.

[20] Jabeen, H., Johnson, C. & Allen, A., Built-in resilience: learning from grassroots coping strategies for climate variability, Environment & Urbanization, 22(2), pp. 419–420, 2010.

[21] Barelkowski, R., Designing Ariadne’s thread for the urban maze, 10th International Conference on Design Principles and Practices, Common Ground Publishing + Pontificia Universidade Catolica de Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, pp. 12, 2016.

[22] French, S.P., Designing more sustainable cities by integrating infrastructure systems. In N. Marchettini, C. A. Brebbia, R. Pulselli and S. Bastianoni (eds.) The Sustainable City IX. Urban Regeneration and Sustainability, Vol. 1, WIT Transactions on Ecology and the Environment, Vol. 191, Wessex Institute of Technology, WIT Press, Southampton & Boston, 507, 2014.

[23] Gandy, M., Urban flux. Architectural Design, Vol. 79, No. 5, Profile No 201, Sep/Oct 2009, 14–15, 2009.

[24] Weinstock, M. & Gharieghi, M., Intelligent cities and the taxonomy of cognitive scales. Architectural Design, No. 4, Profile No 224, Jul/Aug 2013, 60–62, 2013.