Energy harvesting from solar and permeable pavements: A feasibility study

Energy harvesting from solar and permeable pavements: A feasibility study

Domenico Vizzari Pierfabrizio Puntorieri Filippo Praticò Vincenzo Fiamma Giuseppe Barbaro 

IFSTTAR, Nantes, Route de Bouaye 44344, Bouguenais, France

Mediterranea University DICEAM, Via Graziella, 89124 Feo di Vito – RC, Italy

Mediterranea University DIIES, Via Graziella, 89124 Feo di Vito – RC, Italy

Corresponding Author Email:
| |
| | Citation



As is well known, solar pavements are gaining more and more relevance in civil engineering due to their potential in terms of energy harvesting. This notwithstanding, several issues still hinder these typologies from getting an outstanding role, among which their uncertain durability, their surface performance (friction, drainability, texture). In the light of the above, the study described in this paper focuses on permeable and solar roadways. An innovative pavement type was designed by means of the synergistic consideration of hydraulic- and transport-related issues and performance. Once formulated and designed, the pavement underwent the preliminary feasibility study in terms of hydraulic and friction-based characteristics in order to assess its ability to perform satisfactory in dry and wet conditions.

Results of the study demonstrate that the idea of coupling energy harvesting and premium properties (such as permeability) can be further developed and future research will be devoted to produce a prototype. The contributions of this study is to improve from a draining point of view the typical solar pavement structures. Results can benefit both practitioners and researchers


solar pavement, drainability, rainfall

1. Introduction
2. Objectives and paper organization
3. The problem of the friction in the solar roads
4. Feasibility study of the permeable surface
5. Summary and conclusions

Abudi G., Berliner C. P. (2012). Rainfall simulator for field runoff studies. Journal of Hydrology, Vol. 454-455, No. 6, pp. 76-81.

Alvarez A. E., Martin A. E., Estakhri C. (2010). Drainability of permeable friction course mixtures. Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, pp. 556-564.

Al-Weheibi S. M., Rahman M. M. (2018). Convective heat transmission inside a porous trapezoidal enclosure occupied by nanofluids: local thermal nonequilibrium conditions for a porous medium. Italian Journal of Engineering Science: Tecnica Italiana, Vol. 61+1, No. 2, pp. 102-114.

Anupan K., Fwa T. F. (2008). Study of hydroplaning speed with variation of tire inflation pressure for smooth tire using analytical modeling. Proceedings of the ICTI Conference.

Arjun A. M., Ajay S., Sandhya T., Arvind V. (2011). A novel approach to recycle energy using piezoelectric crystals. International Journal of Environmental Science and Development, Vol. 2, No. 6.

Barbaro G., Petrucci O., Canale C. (2018). Contemporaneity of floods and storms. A case study of Metropolitan area of Reggio Calabria in Southern Italy. Conferences New Metropolitan Perspectives, Reggio Calabria.

Beautru Y., Kane M., Tan Do M., Cerezo V. (2012). Influence of road surface microtexture on thin water film traction. MAIREPAV7 (7th International Conference on Maintenance and Rehabilitation of Pavements and Technological Control). HAL Id: hal-00851131;

Ben-David O., Fineberg J. (2011). Static friction coefficient is not a material constant. Article in Physical Review Letters.

Braud I., Bouvier C., Branger F., Delrieu G., Le Coz J., Nord G., Vandervaere J. P., Anquetin S., Adamovic M., Andrieu J., Batiot C., Boudevillain B., Brunet P., Carreau J., Confoland A., Didon-Lescot J. F., Domergue J. M., Douvinet J., Dramais G. (2014). Multi-scale hydrometeorological observation and modelling for flash flood understanding. Hydrological and Earth System Science, Vol. 18, No. 9, pp. 3733-3761.

Bronstert A., Agarwal A., Boessenkool B., Crisologo I., Fischer M., Heistermann M., Köhn-Reich L., López-Tarazón J. A., Moran T., Ozturk U., Reinhardt-Imjela C., Wendi D. (2018). Forensic hydro-meteorological analysis of an extreme flash-flood: The 2016-05-29 event in Braunsbach, SW Germany. Science of Total Environment, Vol. 630, pp. 977-991.

Brunetti G., Simunek J., Piro P. (2016). A comprehensive numerical analysis of the hydraulic behavior of a permeable pavement. Journal of Hydrology, Vol. 540, pp. 1146-1161.

Caine N. (1980). The rainfall intensity-duration control of shallow landslides and debris flows. Geografiska Annaler, Vol. 62A, pp. 23-27.

Cho J. R., Lee H. W., Sohn J. S., Kim G. J., Woo J. S. (2006). Numerical investigation of hydroplaning characteristics of three-dimensional patterned tire. European Journal of Mechanics A/Solids, Vol. 25, No. 6, pp. 914-926.

Chow V. T., Maidment D. R., Mays L. W. Applied Hydrology. McGraw Hill, 272 p. 1988.

Crosta G. B., Frattini P. (2003). Distributed modelling of shallow landslides triggered by intense rainfall. Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences, Vol. 3, pp. 81-93.

Cucumo M., Ferraro V., Kaliakatsos D., Mele M. (2018). A simple correlation for the dynamic simulation of a solar thermal plant connected to a radiant floor. Mathematical Modelling of Engineering Problems, Vol. 5, No. 3, pp.131-138.

Dezfooli A. S., Nejad F. M., Zakeri H., Kazemifard S. (2017). Solar pavement: A new emerging technology. Solar Energy, Vol. 149, pp. 272-284.

Duarte F., Correia D., Ferreira A. (2013). Waynergy people: A new pavement energy harvest system. Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers: Municipal Engineer, Vol. 166, No. 4, pp. 250-256.

Efthymiou C., Santamouris M., Kolokotsa D., Koras A. (2016). Development and testing of photovoltaic pavement for heat island mitigation. Solar Energy, Vol. 130, pp. 148-160.

ERA: Wet runway-hydroplaning. Safety Targeted Awareness Report from the ERA Air Safety Group. STAR 016. March 2013.

Ervin R. D., Balderas L. (1990). Hydroplaning with lightly-loaded truck tires. UMTRI The University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute.

Fister W., Iserloh T., Ries J. B., Schmidt R. G. (2012). Portable wind and rainfall simulator for in situ soil erosion measurements. CATENA, Vol. 91, pp. 72-84.

Gallaway B. M., Ivey D. L., Hayes G. G., Ledbetter W. G., Olson R. M., Woods D. L., Schiller R. E. (1979). Pavement and Geometric Design Criteria for Minimizing Hydroplaning, Federal Highway Administration Report No. FHWA-RD-79-31, Texas Transportation, Institute, Texas A&M University. 

García-Bartuala R., Schneider M. (2001). Estimating maximum expected short-duration rainfall intensities from extreme convective storms. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, Part B: Hydrology, Oceans and Atmosphere, Vol. 26, No. 9, pp. 675-681.

Gerald F., Wieczoreka & Guzzetti F. (1999). A review of rainfall thresholds for triggering landslides.

Guzzetti F., Peruccacci S., Rossi M. (2017). Rainfall thresholds for the initiation of landslides in central and southern Europe. Geomorphology, Vol. 290, No. 3-4, pp. 39-57.

Kane M., Cerezo V., Do M. (2011). Effect of thin water film on tire/road friction. Conference Paper. 

Liu M. W., Oeda Y., Sumi T. (2016). Modeling free-flow speed according to different water depths—From the viewpoint of dynamic hydraulic pressure. Transportation Research Part D, Vol. 47, pp. 13-21.

Localzo A. (2006). Misura e caratterizzazione della regolarità in ambito urbano ed in particolare per le pavimentazioni lapidee della città di Napoli. UNIVERSITÀ DEGLI STUDI DI NAPOLI FEDERICO II Polo delle Scienz e e delle Tecnologie Dipartimento di Ingegneria dei Trasporti “Luigi Tocchetti”.

Malesińska A., Rogulski M., Puntorieri P., Barbaro G., Kowalska B. (2018). Displacements of the pipe system caused by a transient phenomenon using the dynamic forces measured in the laboratory. Measurement and Control (United Kingdom), Vol. 51, No. 9-10, pp. 443-452.

Marcianò F. A., Musolino G., Vitetta A. (2014). Signal setting optimization on urban road transport networks: The case of emergency evacuation. Safety Science, Vol. 72, pp. 209-220.

Martín M. I., López F. A., Alguacil F. J., Romero M. (2013). Technical characterization of sintered glass ceramics derived from glass fibers recovered by pyrolysis. Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, Vol. 27, No. 4, pp. 04014150.

Mehta A., Aggrawal N., Tiwari A. (2015). Solar roadways-the future of roadways. International Advanced Research Journal in Science, Engineering and Technology (IARJSET) National Conference on Renewable Energy and Environment (NCREE-2015) IMS Engineering College, Ghaziabad, Vol. 2, No. s1.

Miller W. P. (1987). A solenoid-operated, variable intensity rainfall simulator. Soil Science Society of America Journal, Vol. 51, No. 3, pp. 832-834.

Northmore A. B., Tighe S. L. (2016). Performance modelling of a solar road panel prototype using finite element analysis. International Journal of Pavement Engineering, Vol. 17, No. 5, pp. 449-457.

Northmore A., Tighe S. (2012). Innovative pavement design: are solar roads feasible? Conference of the Transportation Association of Canada, At Fredericton.

Pérez-Latorre F. J., De Castro L., Delgado A. (2010). A comparison of two variable intensity rainfall simulators for runoff studies. Soil and Tillage Research, Vol. 107, No. 1, pp. 11-16.

Praticò F. G., Moro A., Ammendola R. (2009). Factors affecting variance and bias of non-nuclear density gauges for PEM and DGFC. The Baltic Journal of Road and Bridge Engineering, Vol. 4, No. 3, pp. 99–107.

Praticò F. G., Vaiana R., Iuele T. (2015). Macrotexture modeling and experimental validation for pavement surface treatments. Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 95, pp. 658-666.

Praticò F., Vaiana R., Giunta M. (2013). Pavement sustainability: Permeable wearing courses by recycling porous European mixes. Journal of Architectural Engineering, Vol. 19, No. 3, pp. 186-192.

Protecno, ERI S.r.l., Phoenix. Camera della pioggia.

Puntorieri P., Barbaro G., Fiamma V. (2017). Experimental study of the transient flow with cavitation in a copper pipe system. International Journal of Civil Engineering and Technology, Vol. 8, No. 9, pp. 1035-1041.

Road Drainage Chapter 11: Road Surface and Subsurface Drainage Design (July 2015), State of Queensland (Department of Transport and Main Roads).

Sañudo-Fontaneda L. A., Valerio C. Andres-Valeri. (2018). The long-term hydrological performance of permeable pavement systems in Northern Spain: An approach to the “end-of-life” concept. Water 2018, Vol. 10, No. 4, pp. 497.

Scafetta N., Fortelli A., Mazzarella A. (2017). Meteo-climatic characterization of Naples and its heating-cooling degree day areal distribution. International Journal of Heat and Technology, Vol. 35, Special Issue 1, pp. S137-S144.

Singh R., Panigrahy N., Philip G. (1999). Modified rainfall simulator infiltrometer for infiltration, runoff and erosion studies. Agricultural Water Management, Vol. 41, No. 3, pp. 167-175.

Singha P., Sinhab V. S. P., Vijhanib A., Pahujaa N. (2018). Vulnerability assessment of urban road network from urban flood. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, Vol. 28, pp. 237-250.

Taylor M. A. P., Philp M. L. (2015). Investigating the impact of maintenance regimes on the design life of road pavements in a changing climate and the implications for transport policy. Transport Policy, Vol. 41, pp. 117-135.

Tindall R. (1950). Velocity studies in a vertical pipe flowing full. Masters Theses.

Torbruegge S., Wies B. (2015). Characterization of pavement texture by means of height difference correlation and relation to wet skid resistance. Journal of Traffic and Transportation Engineering, Vol. 2, No. 2, pp. 59-67.

Trenberth K. E. (2011). Changes in precipitation with climate change. Clim. Res., Vol. 47, No. 1-2, pp. 123-138.

Tuononen A. J. (2016). Onset of frictional sliding of rubber–glass contact under dry and lubricated conditions. Scientific Reports, Vol. 6, pp. 27951.

Vaiana R., Praticò F. G. (2014). Pavement surface properties and their impact on performance-related pay adjustments, sustainability, eco-efficiency and conservation in transportation infrastructure asset management. Losa & Papagiannakis (Eds), © 2014 Taylor & Francis Group, London, ISBN 978-1-138-00147-3.

Van Es G. V. H. (2001). Hydroplaning of modern aircraft tires. National Aerospace Laboratory NLR. NLR-TP-2001-242

Van Geffen V. (2009). A study of friction models and friction compensation. Technische Universiteit Eindhoven. Department Mechanical Engineering Dynamics and Control Technology Group. Eindhoven. DCT 2009.118

Vardanega P. J. (2014). State of the art: Permeability of asphalt concrete. Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, Vol. 26, No. 1.

Vizzari D., Chailleux E., Lavaud S., Gennessaux E. (2018). Development of a pavement system able to capture solar energy. JTR 2018. 

Wattway – Press Kit: Paving the way to tomorrow’s energy. Colas 2016.

Wieczorek G. F. (1987). Effect of rainfall intensity and duration on debris flows in central Santa Cruz Mountains, California. Geological Society of America, Reviews in Engineering Geology, Vol. 7, pp. 93-104.

Wieczorek G. F., McWreath C. (2001). Remote rainfall sensing for landslide hazard analysis. U.S. Geological Survey OPEN-FILE REPORT 01-339.

Wildhabera Y. S., Bänningera D., Burrib K., Alewella C. (2012). Evaluation and application of a portable rainfall simulator on subalpine grassland. Fuel and Energy Abstracts, Vol. 91, pp. 56-62.

Yang H. X. (2016). Research and development of solar PV pavement panels for application on the green deck. final report. The Hong Kong Polytechnic University. Renewable Energy Research Group.