Electrical and Dielectric Behavior of Nano-bio Ceramic Filler Incorporated Polymer Electrolytes for Rechargeable Lithium Batteries

Electrical and Dielectric Behavior of Nano-bio Ceramic Filler Incorporated Polymer Electrolytes for Rechargeable Lithium Batteries

K. Karuppasamy T. Linda S. Thanikaikarasan S. Balakumar T. Mahalingam P.J.Sebastian X. Sahaya Shajan

Centre for Scientific and Applied Research, PSN College of Engineering and Technology, Tirunelveli-627 152, India

Marthandam College of Engineering and Technology, Kuttakuzhi, Veeyannoor, Kanyakumari -629 177, Tamil Nadu, India

Department of Physics, School of Science and Humanities, Karunya University, Coimbatore-641 114, Tamil Nadu, India

Corresponding Author Email: 
shajan89@gmail.com
Page: 
115-120
|
DOI: 
https://doi.org/10.14447/jnmes.v16i2.29
Received: 
27 August 2012
|
Accepted: 
22 January 2013
|
Published: 
12 April 2013
| Citation
Abstract: 

A series of nanocomposite solid polymer electrolytes (NCSPE) consisting of PMMA as host polymer, lithium bisoxalatoborate (LiBOB) as doping salt and nano-hydroxy apatite as filler have prepared by membrane hot-press method. To enhance the electrochemical properties and stiffness of polymer electrolyte film, a bioactive ceramic filler nano-hydroxy apatite is incorporated in the polymer matrix. The prepared different weight contents of NCSPE films are subjected to various electrochemical characterizations such as ionic conductiv- ity, electric modulus and dielectric spectroscopy studies. The complexation behavior and structural reorganization in polymer electrolytes are confirmed by means of FT-IR (Fourier-Transform Infra Red Spectroscopy) analysis. The electrical response and relaxation of dipole in polymer electrolytes are investigated by means of electric modulus and dielectric studies. The addition of nano-hydroxy apatite signifi- cantly enhances the ionic conductivity and blocking the reorganizing tendency of polymer matrix. The maximum ionic conductivity is found to be in the range of 10-4.8 S/cm for sample containing 10 wt. % nanoceramic filler.

Keywords: 

nano-hydroxyapatite, PMMA, polymer electrolytes, dielectric studies, ionic conductivity

1. Introduction
2. Experimental
3. Results and Discussion
4. Conclusions
  References

[1] F.M. Gray, “Polymer Electrolytes”, RSC materials monograph, The Royal Society of Chemistry, Cambridge, 1997.

[2] J.R. Mc Callum, C.A. Vincent, “Polymer electrolytes Review- I”, Elsevier, London, 1987.

[3] S. Rajendran, M. Sivakumar, R. Subadevi, Mater. Lett., 58, 641 (2004).

[4] S.P. Low, A. Ahmad, H. Hamzah, M.Y.A. Rahman, J. Solid State Electrochem., 15, 2611 (2011).

[5]  A. Laghzizil, N. Elherch, A. Bouhaouss, G. Lorente, T. Coradin, J. Livage, Mater. Res. Bull., 36, 953 (1983).

[6] W.H. Meyer, Adv. Mater., 10, 439 (1998).

[7] J.Y. Song, Y.Y. Wang, C.C. Wan, J. Power Sources, 77, 183 (1999).

[8] B. Scrosati, Chem. Rec., 1, 171 (2003).

[9] J. Zhou, P. Fedkiw, Solid State Ionics, 166, 275 (2004).

[10] Z. Florjañczyk, M. Marcinek, W. Wieczorek, N. Langwald, Polish. J. Chem., 78, 1279 (2004).

[11] A. Manuel Stephan, Eur. Polym. J., 42, 21 (2006).

[12] A. Manuel Stephan, Nahm K.S., Polymer, 47, 5952 (2006). 

[13] A. D’epifanio, F. Serraino Flory, S. Licoccia, E. Traversa, B. Scrosati and F. Croce, J. Appl. Electrochem., 34, 403 (2004). 

[14] W. Wieczoreck, Z. Florjanczyk, J.R. Stevens, Solid State Ion-ics, 40, 67 (1996).

[15] R. Baskaran, S. Selvasekarapandian, N. Kuwata, J. Kawamura, T. Hattori, Mater. Chem. Phys., 98, 55 (2006).

[16] F. Croce , L. Persi, B. Scrosati, F. Serraino-Fiory , E. Plichta, M.A. Hendrickson, Electrochim. Acta, 46, 2457 (2001). 

[17] R.D. Armstrong, T. Dickinson and P.M. Wills, J. Electroanal. Chem. 53, 389 (1974).

[18] R.D. Armstrong, T. Dickinson and J. Turner, J. Electroanal. Chem., 44, 157 (1973).

[19] H.T. Lee, C.S. Lio and S.A. Chen, Macromol. chem., 194, 2433 (1993).

[20] Dillip K. Pradhan, R.N.P. Choudary, B.K. Samantaray, eX- PRESS Polym. Lett., 2, 630 (2008).

[21] K. Karuppasamy, S. Thanikaikarasan, R. Antony, S. Balaku- mar and X. Sahaya Shajan, Ionics, DOI: 10.1007/s11581-012- 0678-z, 2012.

[22] H.P. Zhang, P. Zhang, Z.H. Li, M. Sun, Y.P. Wu, H.Q. Wu, Electrochem. Commun., 9, 1700 (2007).

[23] M.S. Sadjadi, M. Meskinfam and H. Jazdarreh, Int. J. Nano. Dim., 1, 57 (2010).