Influence of Hydrogeological and Geotechnical Parameters on the Seismic Behavior of Potable Water Infrastructures

Influence of Hydrogeological and Geotechnical Parameters on the Seismic Behavior of Potable Water Infrastructures

Ramón Egea Pérez Jesús P. Chazarra Zapata Francisco J. López Peñalver 

EMUASA, Municipal Water and Sanitation Company, Murcia, Spain

Engineering Department, University Miguel Hernandez, Orihuela (Alicante), Spain

Superior Polytechnic School, Alicante University, Spain

8 November 2017
| Citation



This study analyzes the influence of the urban hydraulic infrastructure behavior, the soil typology and the characterization of the hydrogeological zonal risks, proposing constructive dispositions and pro- cedures, which will increase the reliability of the pipes consisting of a fragile nature, guaranteeing   the service continuity even during seismic events with intensity higher than VII (IMM). That would greatly reduce the degree of vulnerability of the urban hydraulic infrastructure, especially in the case of Southeast Spain, which presents a high risk of seismic intensity. Although the effects on the vulner- ability of pipelines, of the displacement of the ground, such as fault movements, settlements and lateral expansions, have been widely studied and analyzed, there is no comprehensive methodology, incorpo- rating other factors related to the Management of the infrastructure, and therefore a general application method is proposed that will evaluate in addition to the effects according to the soil typology and    the hydrogeological characteristics zonal (hydrological hazard, seismic hazard, and specific hydrogeo- logical factors), the typology of the infrastructure linear hydraulic, based on operational analysis, that allows to correlate the behavior of the soils and the possible affectation in the potable water pipes, thus serving as planning element and preventive tool for the mitigation of damages.


ground motion, hazard, hydrological, liquefaction, management, risk, seismic, vulnerability


[1] Tsige, M. & García Flórez, I., Proposed geotechnical-amplification classification of geological materials in Murcia. Geogaceta, 40, pp. 39–42, 2006.

[2] Akkar, S. & Bommer, J.J., Empirical equations for the prediction of PGA, PGV and spectral accelerations in Europe, the Mediterranean Region and the Middle East. Seismological Research Letters, 81(2), pp. 195–206, 2010.

[3] Manual para Enfrentar Inundaciones Ocasionadas por Rotura de Matrices de Agua Potable o Colectores de Aguas Servidas. Access, 15 Junio 2016, available at: http://

[4] Borcherdt, R.D., Estimates of site‐dependent response spectra for design (Methodology and Justification). Earthquake Spectra, 10, pp. 617–653, 1994.

[5] SRMLIFE. Development of a global methodology for the vulnerability assessment and risk management of lifelines, infrastructures and critical facilities. Application to the metropolitan area of Thessaloniki. Research Project, General Secretariat for Research and Technology, Greece, 2003–2007.

[6] ALA. Development of guidelines to define natural hazards performance objectives for water systems, Volume I, prepared by ASCE, FEMA and NIBS, 2002.

[7] ALA Wastewater system performance assessment guideline, Part I and II. FEMA and NIBS, 2004.

[8] ALA. Seismic guidelines for water pipelines, prepared by ASCE, FEMA and NIBS, 2005.

[9] Alexys Herleym Rodriguez Avellaneda, Ingeniero Civil, especialista en Telecomunica- ciones. Tesis “Análisis y evaluación de riesgo sísmico en líneas vitales. Caso de estudio Bogotá D.C.”. Universidad Nacional de Colombia, 2011.

[10] Wells, D.L. & Coppersmith K.J., New empirical relationships among magnitude, rupture length, rupture width, rupture area and surface displacement. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 84, pp. 974–1002, 1994.

[11] RISMUR II Seismic Risk Plan of Murcia, 2015.