A Study of Motivational Aspects Initiating Volunteerism in Disaster Management in Germany

A Study of Motivational Aspects Initiating Volunteerism in Disaster Management in Germany

P. Holwitt S. Strohschneider R. Zinke S. Kaiser I. Kranert A. Linke M. Mähler 

Department of Intercultural Studies and Business Communications, Friedrich-Schiller University, Jena, Germany

Page: 
294-302
|
DOI: 
https://doi.org/10.2495/SAFE-V7-N3-294-302
Received: 
N/A
|
Accepted: 
N/A
|
Published: 
30 September 2017
| Citation

OPEN ACCESS

Abstract: 

Volunteer work is an important aspect that influences a society´s ability to cope with different kinds of security threats and disasters. However, the motivational and social sources that drive civil engagement in the field of disaster management are not understood very well. If societies want to preserve or increase their resilience and thus reduce their vulnerability to disasters, volunteerism is an important topic to look into. In order to foster voluntary engagement in disaster management, it is essential to both understand the motivational sources that drive volunteers and establish appropriate conditions for future voluntary engagement. In this article, motivations of volunteers in three regions of Germany are analysed using a theoretical model that builds on the works by psychologists Dörner and Bischof. The model considers volunteerism as a way of catering to three basic needs of human beings: the need for affiliation, the need for certainty and the need for control. This model is applied to data gathered from unstructured and semi-structured interviews with volunteers and professionals working in the field of disaster management in Germany.

Keywords: 

disaster management, Germany, motives, training, volunteerism

  References

[1] Involve, available at www.involve-project.com.

[2] Wilson, J., Volunteering. Annual Review of Sociology, 26, pp. 215–240, 2000. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.soc.26.1.215

[3] Hustinx, L., Cnaan, R.A. & Handy, F., Navigating theories of volunteering: A hybrid map for a complex phenomenon. Journal for the Theory of Social Behavior, 40(4), pp. 410–434, 2010. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-5914.2010.00439.x

[4] Clary, E.G., Snyder, M., Ridge, R.D., Stukas, A.A., Copeland, J. & Miene, P., Understanding and assessing the motivations of volunteers: a functional approach. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 74(6), pp. 1516–1530, 1998. https://doi.org/10.1037//0022-3514.74.6.1516

[5] Clary, E.G. & Snyder, M., The motivations to volunteer: theoretical and practical considerations. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 8(5), pp. 156–159, 1999. https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-8721.00037

[6] Schaub, H. & Dörner, D., Eine synthetische Theorie der Motivation. InBericht über den 40. Kongreß der deutschen Gesellschaft für Psychologie in München 1996, ed. H. Mandl, Hogrefe: Göttingen, pp. 855–858, 1997.

[7] Dörner, D., Bauplan für eine Seele, Rowohlt Verlag: Reinbek, 1998.

[8] Dörner, D., Bartl, Ch., Detje, F., Gerdes, G., Halcour, D., Schaub, H. & Starker, U., Die Mechanik des Seelenwagens. Eine neuronale Theorie der Handlungsregulation, Huber: Bern, 2002.

[9] Bischof, N., Das Rätsel Ödipus. Die biologischen Wurzeln des Urkonfliktes von Intimität und Autonomie, Piper: München, 1985.

[10] Bischof, N., Untersuchungen zur Systemanalyse der sozialen Motivation I: Die Regulation der sozialen Distanz – Von der Feldtheorie zur Systemtheorie. Zeitschrift für Psychologie, 201, pp. 5–43, 1993.

[11] Strohschneider, S., Kompetenzdynamik und Kompetenzregulation beim Planen. In Ja, mach nur einen Plan: Pannen und Fehlschläge – Ursachen, Beispiele, Lösungen, eds S. Strohschneider & R. von der Weth, 2nd Edn., Huber: Bern, pp. 35–51, 2002.

[12] Strohschneider, S., Ja, mach´ nur einen Plan. In Panne – Irrtum – Missgeschick, ed. B. Boothe, Huber: Bern, pp. 127–144, 2003.

[13] Dibiase, R. & Gunnoe, J., Gender and culture differences in touching behaviour. The Journal of Social Psychology, 144, pp. 49–62, 2004. https://doi.org/10.3200/socp.144.1.49-62

[14] The Crisis Management System in Germany; Federal Ministry of the Interior, Division KM 1 – Crisis Management Coordination Centre, Alt Moabit 140, 10557 Berlin, available at https://www.bmi.bund.de/SharedDocs/Downloads/EN/Broschueren/2012/system_ krisenmanagement_en.pdf?__blob=publicationFile

[15] ANVIL, available at http://anvil-project.net/

[16] Hegemann, H. & Bossong, R., Country study: Germany, project report. Analysis of Civil Security Systems in Europe [ANVIL]. University of Hamburg: Germany, available at http://anvil-project.net/wp-content/uploads/2013/12/Germany_v1.0.pdf

[17] Lamnek, S., Qualitative Sozialforschung, 5th Edn., Beltz: Weinheim, 2010.