Flood Risk Management in Nigeria: A Review of the Challenges and Opportunities

Flood Risk Management in Nigeria: A Review of the Challenges and Opportunities

V.O. Oladokun D. Proverbs 

Department of Industrial and Production Engineering, University of Ibadan, Nigeria and a Commonwealth Academic Fellow, funded by the UK government

Faculty of Computing, Engineering and the Built Environment, Birmingham City University

31 August 2016
| Citation



Flooding has become a major hazard in Nigeria in recent years due to a growing population, rapid urbanization and extreme weather events. This study provides a critical review and characterisation flood risk management (FRM) practices in Nigeria with a view to highlighting current weaknesses and opportunities, as well as giving recommendations for practice and for further research. Databases of academic literature, covering a wide range of FRM issues, were systematically queried and mined using suitable keywords. A structured review of the resulting literature was carried out and several past flood events and associated responses reviewed as case studies. Absence of integrated FRM systems, lack of inter agency coordination, substandard and weak infrastructures, inadequate drainage network, high urban poverty, low level literacy, cultural barriers and weak institutions characterize current FRM practices. The study recommends the adoption of an integrated approach to urban infrastructural development starting with a review of ongoing and planned infrastructural systems and projects with a view to optimizing their FRM capabilities while still meeting their intended purposes. The empowerment of more entrepreneurs into FRM solutions development and service delivery as well as the inclusion of FRM concepts and practices into the nation’s educational curricula was also recommended. Nigeria also needs a multidisciplinary platform for generating effective strategic policies and efficient operational mechanisms for FRM.


blue green, flood, flood risk management, infrastructure, Nigeria, urbanization


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