A Study of Escape Time from an Underground Street in a Mountainous City

A Study of Escape Time from an Underground Street in a Mountainous City

Yin Pan Tiejun Zhou Qin Yan 

Faculty of Architecture and Urban Planning, Chongqing University, China

Vocational College of Chongqing Architectural Engineering, China

Page: 
345-354
|
DOI: 
https://doi.org/10.2495/SAFE-V4-N4-345-354
Received: 
N/A
|
Accepted: 
N/A
|
Published: 
31 December 2014
| Citation

OPEN ACCESS

Abstract: 

Taking the underground street in Three Gorges Plaza in the Shapingba District, Chongqing, as an example, the present study focused on a densely populated underground street downtown in a mountainous city, in which the issue of emergency evacuation in case of fi re was discussed. The total evacuation number could be worked out according to the ‘method of trip generation rate’; the length of escape routes and the width of escape exits were counted, and the maximum capacity of people for each emergency exit was calculated according to the unit capacity. Based on the above data, the escape route was built by the iterative programming algorithm so as to check the safety of the current underground street in the mountainous city, in order that technical support can be provided for effective countermeasures. Thus, the emergency evacuation capability of a downtown underground street in a mountainous city can be enhanced.

Keywords: 

civil air defense projects, escape routes, escape time, mountainous city, underground street.

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