Disaster-Related Displaced Somalis and Ethiopians in Yemen

Disaster-Related Displaced Somalis and Ethiopians in Yemen

V. Kolmannskog T. Afifi 

Independent Scholar and Consultant, Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC), Norway

Associate Academic Offi cer, United Nations University Institute for Environment and Human Security (UNU-EHS)

Page: 
249-260
|
DOI: 
https://doi.org/10.2495/SAFE-V4-N3-249-260
Received: 
N/A
|
Accepted: 
N/A
|
Published: 
30 September 2014
| Citation

OPEN ACCESS

Abstract: 

This article addresses the existing opportunities and protection gaps for Ethiopians and Somalis who had been exposed to and suffering from environmental problems in their home countries and had to fl ee to Yemen. It suggests policy and legal options in cross-border disaster-related displacement in the Horn of Africa and Middle East regions, with specifi c focus on Ethiopia and Somalia as sending countries and Yemen as a receiving country. The article provides a number of recommendations, including using a broad socio-legal approach that also considers norms and religious values when dealing with cross-border displaced persons as well as bilateral agreements between the host and sending countries.

Keywords: 

disasters, displacement, Horn of Africa, migrants, prima facie status, protection gaps, refugees, regular and irregular migrants, Yemen

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