Sustainability and Waste Management of the 2015 Prince George Canada Winter Games

Sustainability and Waste Management of the 2015 Prince George Canada Winter Games

Jessy Rajan Annie Booth 

University of Northern British Columbia

Ecosystem Science and Management Program, UNBC

| |
| | Citation



Urban boosterism is increasingly being employed by cities around the world to garner provincial, national or even international attention. In an effort to rebrand and market itself as a ‘Winter City’, Prince George, Canada hosted the 2015 Canada Winter Games. However, urban boosterism focuses on economic influx and financial sustainability with little attention to environmental sustainability. Hosting mega-events like these results in a significant influx of visitors over a short period of time. To accommodate for this extreme change in a city’s population, it is important to consider the concomitant environmental burden, particularly in terms of waste over the period of time and the need to dispose of it safely and properly. To examine the environmental impact of hosting this event, a waste audit was conducted on four of the venues to determine how much and what types of waste was accumulated. The largest contributor to the waste stream was food waste, occupying more than 1/3 of the entire samples that was accumulated in the volunteer lounges. This study focuses on the consideration of waste types and areas in mega-events.


mega-events, urban boosterism, waste audit, waste management


[1] Roth, S. & Frank, S., Festivalization and the media: Weimar, cultural capital of Europe 1999. International Journal of Cultural Policy, 6, pp. 219–241, 2000.

[2] Hiller, H.H., Mega-events, urban boosterism and growth strategies: An analysis of the objectives and legitimations of the cape town 2004 Olympic Bid. International Journal of Urban & Regional Research, 24, pp. 439–458. 2000.

[3] Matheson, V., Mega-events: the effect of the world’s biggest sporting events on local, regional, and national economies. Economics Department Working Papers, Paper 68, pp. 1–32. 2006.

[4] International Olympic Committee, The Organization, available at, 2015.

[5] European Olympics Committee, ENOCS, available at, 2016.

[6] Canada Games Council, About Us, available at, 2015.

[7] Ostapenko, N., Nation branding of Russia through the Sochi Olympic Games of 2014. Journal of Management Policy and Practice, 11(4), pp. 60–63. 2010.

[8] Canada Winter Games, The Northern Story, available at, 2014.

[9] Kurjata, A., Canada winter games in Prince George: 5 things to know, CBC, British Columbia, 2015.

[10] Koch, N. & Valiyev, A., The Sochi syndrome Afoot in Central Asia. PONARS Eurasia Policy Memo No, 371, 2015.

[11] AWG, A.W., 2014 Alberta winter games environmental sustainable advisory committee final report, Banff- Canmore, Alberta Winter Games, 2014.

[12] VANOC, Vancouver 2010 sustainability report 2009-2010, Vancouver, VANOC, 2010.

[13] Host Society, Canada Games Legacy, 2014, available at[14] Canada Games Council, Introduction, available at, 2014.[15] H a l i f a x Host Society, Halifax: 2011 Canada winter games environmental services final report, 2011.

[14] Host Society., Sherbrooke: Canada summer games, sustainable report Sherbrooke, 2013.

[15] TRI, T.R., Waste characterization study foothills Boulevard Landfill. Prince George: Regional District Fraser-Fort George, 2007.

[16] RDFFG, R.D.-F., A feasibility study on enhancing waste diversion from the residential curbside solid waste stream in the city of Prince George. Prince George: Regional District of Fraser-Fort George, 2011.

[17] Smyth, D.P., Fredeen, A.L. & Booth, A.L., Reducing solid waste in higer educations: the first steps toward ‘greening’ a campus. Resources Conservation and Recycling, 54, pp. 1007–1016, 2010.