Experimental investigation and exergy analysis of an air heater with a solar concentrator used for drying processes

Experimental investigation and exergy analysis of an air heater with a solar concentrator used for drying processes

Housseyn KarouaAbdelhafid Moummi Abderrahmane Hamidat Noureddine Moummi Kamel Aoues Adel Benchabane Ahmed Benchatti 

Centre de Développement des Energies Renouvelables, CDER, Algiers 16340, Algeria

Laboratory of Civil engineering, Hydraulics, Sustainable development and Environment (LAR-GHYDE), University of Biskra 07000, Algeria

Laboratoire de Génie Mécanique (LGM), Université de Biskra BP 145, Biskra 07000, Algeria

Laboratoire de Génie Energétique et Matériaux (LGEM) Biskra, Biskra 07000, Algeria

Laboratoire de Génie Mécanique, Université d’Amar Telidji, Laghouat 07000, Algeria

Corresponding Author Email: 
20 Febraury 2018
| |
5 September 2018
| | Citation



In this paper, a solar air heater collector is developed and investigated. A concentrating feature of Linear Fresnel Reflector and the characteristics of flat plate air heaters (LFRAH) collectors are used. In this experimental study, three configurations of the absorber used to improve the thermal performance of LFRAH for the drying and the space heating processes, where two configurations of the absorber plate have different types of artificial roughness and the third configuration has a smooth absorber. The measured parameters are the ambient temperature, inlet and outlet temperatures of the air heater, the temperatures of the absorber, and the solar radiation intensity. The measurements performed at the same values of mass flow rate, 0.018 (kg.s-1). The introduction of the artificial roughness at the absorber plate allows having average air temperatures greater than 100° C. The comparison of the thermal efficiency shows that the roughened absorbers improve the thermal efficiency by 62% compared to the smooth absorber.


solar concentration, air heater, rectangular duct, exergy, experimental study

1. Introduction
2. Materials and Methods
3. Modeling Analysis
4. Case Studies
5. Description of the Experimental Device
6. Uncertainty Analysis
7. Experimental Results and Discussion
8. Conclusion

The authors are very thankful to everyone who contributed to the completion of this study, especially mention, M. Saber Guenifi (Engineering on Mechanical at the University of Mohamed Khider of Biskra) and M. Mohammed Taher Baissi (Master on Mechanical at the University of Mohamed Khider of Biskra) for their technical assistance.


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