Support for Crisis Management at the Time of Floods

Support for Crisis Management at the Time of Floods

Martina Zeleňáková Mária Šugareková Peter Mésároš

Department of Environmental Engineering, Technical University of Košice, Slovakia

Department of Construction Technology and Management, Technical University of Košice, Slovakia

Available online: 
| Citation

© 2021 IIETA. This article is published by IIETA and is licensed under the CC BY 4.0 license (



This paper is focused on assessing the effects of floods on selected components of the environment. The components include the impact of floods on the population, water conditions, soil, fauna, flora and their habitats, the structure and use of the landscape, protected areas and their protection zones, for the territorial system of ecological stability, for the urban complex and land use, for cultural and historical monuments, cultural values of an intangible nature and for archaeological and paleontological sites and important geological localities. The basic principle of the methodology is the calculation of the risk index – an estimate of the level of risk that the proposed activity represents for the environment. The risk analysis is based on the principle that stressors are associated with the proposed activity, which poses a certain risk to the components of the environment. This can be quantified by calculating the individual risk for each identified environmental impact of the stressor. In summary, the total risk can be calculated, which represents what risk the proposed activity poses to the environment and human health. The calculated value of total risk represents very low level of risk in the addressed river basin. As a proposal for measures in the event of floods, a Draft Protocol providing health and social care in case of floods is created. The Draft Protocol may be used as a supplement to the Flood Management Plan from the point of view of providing health and social care.


environmental components, flood, flood impact assessment


[1] Zeleňáková, M., Preliminary flood risk assessment in the Hornád watershed. WIT Transactions on Ecology and the Environment, WIT Press: Southampton and Boston, pp. 15–24, 2009.

[2] Zeleňáková, M., Flood risk assessment and management in Slovakia. WIT Transactions on Ecology and the Environment, WIT Press: Southampton and Boston, pp. 61–69, 2011.

[3] Mishra, K. & Sinha, R., Flood risk assessment in the Kosi megafan using multi-criteria decision analysis: a hydro-geomorphic approach. Geomorphology, 350, pp. 1–19, 2020. 

[4] Vojteková, J. & Vojtek, M., Flood hazard and flood risk assessment at the local spatial scale: a case study. Geomatics, Naturaz Hazards and Risk, 7:6, 1973–1992, 2016.

[5] Tsakiris, G., Flood risk assessment: concepts, modelling, applications. Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences. 2014.

[6] Ministry of the Environment of the Slovak Republic: Preliminary flood risk assessment in the Slovak Republic. Bratislava: MŽP SR, 2018. Available at: (accessed 5 November 2019)

[7] Slovak Paradise, [online]. <>

[8] Herľany community, [online]. <>

[9] Správa o priebehu a následkoch povodní na území Slovenskej republiky, [online]. <>

[10] Zeleňáková, M., Gaňová, L, Purcz, P., Horský, M., Satrapa L., Blišťan, P. & Diaconu, D., Mitigation of the Adverse Consequences of Floods for Human Life, Infrastructure, and the Environment, Natural Hazardous Review, 18, pp. 1–15, 2017.

[11] Zeleňáková, M., Gaňová, L. & Purcz, P., Flood risk assessment as part of flood defence. SGEM 2012: 12th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference, Vol. 3, Albena, Bulgaria, STEF92 Technology Ltd., pp. 679–686, 2012.

[12] Zeleňáková, M., Assessment of flood vulnerability in Bodva catchment using multicriteria analysis and geographical information systems. WIT Transactions on Ecology and the Environment, WIT Press: Southampton and Boston, pp. 51–59, 2015.

[13] Act no. 580/2004 Coll. on health insurance, [online]. <>

[14] Act no. 129/2002 Coll. on the integrated rescue system, [online]. <>

[15] Act no. 461/2003 Coll. on the Social Insurance Agency, [online]. <>

[16] Act no. 7/2010 Coll. on flood protection, [online]. <>

[16] Act no. 42/1994 Coll. Act of the National Council of the Slovak Republic on Civil Protection of the Population, [online]. <>

[17] Zeleňáková, M., Šugareková, M. & Mésároš, P., Flood environmental impact risk analysis. 2020. In: Urban Water Systems and Floods 2. Southampton (Veľká Británia): WIT Press (in press).