Persian Architecture: Conformity with Nature in Hot-Dry Regions

Persian Architecture: Conformity with Nature in Hot-Dry Regions

M. Hejazi 

Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Isfahan, Iran

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The climatic characteristics in different regions of Iran have created architectural design problems. It is advantageous to look at various architectural solutions to such problems. In the hot-dry climate of the indigenous settlements of Iran, particularly interesting design solutions are found. Most solutions, such as high thermal capacity construction materials, compact structure of cities, narrow winding passageways, thick walls, courtyards, internal vegetation, arched roofed chambers, highly elevated wind towers and big water reservoirs, are in conformity with nature and environment. The role of architectural elements is to make use of natural forces such as light, heat, wind and water in design. In this paper, the effects of climatic factors on urban and architectural forms in the hot-dry regions of Iran, climatic design problems and architectural solutions are explained.


hot-dry regions, passive system, Persian architecture, traditional house, wind tower


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