Sustainability, Territorial Resources and Social Capital

Sustainability, Territorial Resources and Social Capital

T. Cilona

Department of Architecture, University of Palermo, Italy

Page: 
819-828
|
DOI: 
https://doi.org/10.2495/SDP-V12-N4-819-828
Received: 
N/A
|
Accepted: 
N/A
|
Published: 
1 May 2017
| Citation

OPEN ACCESS

Abstract: 

In Italy, in the last two decades, new methods of intervention in planning and land policies have been used, which focused more and more on territorial government, governance, development, cohesion and environmental sustainability. One of the main factors that has contributed to the dissatisfaction of the residents is the lack of quality in the towns, which has been more and more characterized by urban decay and by lack of services and gathering places. Giving back environmental, economic and social quality to degraded areas or recovering abandoned public spaces responds definitely to the concept of sustainable city limiting urban sprawl and reducing environmental impacts inherent in the built environment. Moreover, soil consumption in also related to the economics involved, in other words what we commonly call cost to the environment, which cannot be underestimated if the perspective with which we work is that of improving sustainability. In this overview, new forms of cooperation between citizens and public authorities for the care and regeneration of the commons goods is essential. Citizen participation is certainly an important element to develop and to support sustainable policies. The contribution of a multidisciplinary approach, highlights interventions of urban regeneration and models of participated urban planning realized in some Sicilian towns in recent years. Through a participated management, a socio-economic integration of technology and culture has been undertaken thanks to the aesthetic functional and technological restoration of the places.

Keywords: 

place-identity, sustainability, urban renewals

1. Introduction
2. Sustainable Development of Cities
3. Urban Transformation
4. Conclusions
  References

[1] Miller, J. & Tyler, J., Living in the Environment, 8th edn., Wadsworth Publishing Company: Belmont, California, 1994.

[2] Clementi, A., Territorio: una risorsa per lo sviluppo - XXI Secolo, 2010.

[3] World Commission on Environment and Development, (WCED), Our Common Future, Rapporto Brundtland, Oxford University Press: Oxford, UK, 1987.

[4] Sampson, E., Sustainable development: issues, strategies and goals. Zenith Economic Quarterly, 7(2), 2013.

[5] Becker, G., Human Capital, Columbia University Press: New York, 1964.

[6] Melnychuk, D.O., Pidlisnyuk, V. & Stefanovska, T.R., Key Questions About Sustainable Development: What Everyone Needs to Know,Hopak Publisher House: Kyiv, 2010.

[7] Mimiko, F., Human Capital Development Blueprint: a pragmatic approach to resolving the challenge of capacity gaps in organizations in Nigeria. Paper delivered at the Ondo State Ministry of economic Planning and Budget Year Quaterly Lecture, November 22, 2012.

[8] Gough, S. & Scott, W., Education and sustainable development: a political analysis. Educational Review, 58, 2006.

[9] Hardi, P. & Zdan, T. (eds.), Assessing Sustainable Development, Canada, 1997.

[10] Kates, R.W., Parris, T.M. & Leiserowitz, A.A., What is sustainable development? goals, indicators, values and practice. Environment Science and Policy for Sustainable Development. 47(3), pp. 8–21, 2003.

[11] Putnam, R.D., Capitale sociale e individualismo. Crisi e crescita della cultura civica in America, ed. Il Mulino Saggi, 1993.

[12] Sabatini, F., Che cosa è il Capitale Sociale? Dis/Uguaglianze, Trimestrale per l’analisi dei processi di sviluppo e sottosviluppo, 3, pp. 41–55, 2004.

[13] Coleman, J.S., Social capital in the creation of human capital. American Journal of Sociology, 94, 1998.

[14] Portes, A., Social capital: its origins and applications in modern sociology. Annual Review of Sociology, 24, pp. 1–24, 1998. http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev.soc.24.1.1

[15] Coleman, J., Foundations of Social Theory, Harvard University Press: Cambridge, 1990.

[16] Field, J., Social Capital, Routledge: London, 2003.

[17] Putnam, R.D., Social capital and individualism. Crisis and Development of the Learning, ed. Il Mulino Saggi, 2000.

[18] Trigilia C., Capitale sociale e sviluppo locale. In Bagnasco, Piselli, Pizzorno, Trigilia, Capitale sociale: istruzioni per l’uso, Bologna, Il Mulino, 2002.

[19] Ministero delle Infrastrutture e dei Trasporti (MIT), Programmi Urban I, Urban II e Urban Italia, Rete delle Città Urban Italia, 2003/2008.

[20] Lopolito, A. & Sisto, R., Il Capitale Sociale come fattore di sviluppo locale. Aspetti teorici ed applicativi Quaderno n. 07/2007.

[21] Aalborg Charter - Carta delle città europee per uno sviluppo durevole e sostenibile (Aalborg - Danimarca, 27 maggio 1994), available at: http://www.minambiente.it/normative/carta-diaalborg-carta-delle-citta europee-uno-sviluppo-durevole-e-sostenibilealborg#sthash.J9BZmnim.dpuf

[22] Agenda 21, documento delle Nazioni Unite su Ambiente e Sviluppo (UNCED), Rio de Janeiro, giugno 1992, available at: http://www.minambiente.it/pagina/cose-lagenda-21#sthash.olNBQnEg.dpuf.

[23] Ruggiero L., ERSA 2003 CONGRESS University of Catania Italy - Governance urbana e sviluppo sostenibile in Sicilia, 2003.

[24] PO FESR Sicilia 2014-2020, Allegato 1 Analisi Swot.

[25] Cilona, T., Sviluppo delle città. Action planning e processi partecipativi, 1, pp. 1–60, Agrigento, CEPASA Editore, 2013.

[26] Cilona, T., Villaseta: Open city action planning, il caso studio di un quartiere a sudovest di Agrigento. introduzione alla tesi di laurea di Tiziana Petrotto, a.a. 2012/2013, Università degli studi di Palermo, corso di studio in Architettura di Agrigento, 2013.

[27] FERS, Fondo Europeo Regionale, Commissione Europea, politica regionale, available at: http://ec.europa.eu/regional_policy/index.cfm/it/funding/erdf/

[28] Po Fesr Sicilia 2014-2020, Allegato 1 Analisi Swot.

[29] Catania, Urban renewal, Garden Bellini, Asse VI, FERS P.O. 2007/2013 available at: www.iessolutions.eu/progetti-altro/il-3d-giardino-bellini-di-catania.

[30] Messina, realization of a parcking, Asse VI, FERS Fondo Europeo Regionale P.O. 2007/2013.

[31] Barcellona Pozzo di Gotto (Messina), urban renewal, Asse VI, FERS Fondo Europeo Regionale P.O. 2007/2013.

[32] San Giovanni La Punta (Catania), construction of a service center, Asse VI, FERS Fondo Europeo Regionale P.O. 2007/2013.

[33] Valderice (Trapani), redevelopment intervention of the sports facility, Asse VI, FERS Fondo Europeo Regionale P.O. 2007/2013.

[34] Comune di Maletto (Catania), urban rewal, Asse VI, FERS Fondo Europeo Regionale P.O. 2007/2013.

[35] Comune di Mazzarino (Caltanissetta), restoration work Bartoli Building, Asse VI, FERS Fondo Europeo Regionale P.O. 2007/2013.