Investigating Adolescents’ Perceptions Regarding Rural Tourism, an Alternative form of Touristic Reinforcement for the Greek Countryside

Investigating Adolescents’ Perceptions Regarding Rural Tourism, an Alternative form of Touristic Reinforcement for the Greek Countryside

I. Politis M. Chatzigeorgiou 

Model Experimental Lyceum of the Ionideio School in Piraeus, Greece

Zanneio Model Experimental High School of Piraeus, Greece

Page: 
411-420
|
DOI: 
https://doi.org/10.2495/SDP-V10-N3-411-420
Received: 
N/A
|
Accepted: 
N/A
|
Published: 
30 June 2015
| Citation

OPEN ACCESS

Abstract: 

In this field research, we investigate the views and life attitudes that children between 13 and 16 years of age adopt towards rural tourism and the main characteristics of the vacation model they ideally prefer and/or choose to pursue. This study further aims to constitute an educational guide for an innovative environmental programme of actions in order to sensitize even students with no active environmental spirit. The present applied sampling research involved the completion of a brief questionnaire by 413 sample students from Greek secondary education schools (day high schools and lyceums) of the Attica, Ilia, Arkadia and Evros prefectures. The reliability of the questionnaire as a research tool was reinforced by the fact that all respondents were asked to answer the same questions. The analysis of variance method was used to identify the differences. It has become clear that the majority of secondary education students are fond of nature and they support the sustainable management of the environment; yet, there is a significant percentage of adolescents who are not familiar with rural tourism as an alternative model of tourism. The results generate an added value to rural tourism education and eco-feminist theories

Keywords: 

Students’ perceptions, secondary education, rural tourism, environmental education, vacation

  References

[1] Beniston, M., Climatic change in mountain regions: a review of possible impacts. Climate Change, 59, pp. 5–31, 2003. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-94-015-1252-7_2

[2] Barry, L.G., Mountain Weather and Climate, 2nd edn., Routledge, Taylor and Francis Group: New York, USA, p. 189, 2001.

[3] Kamoutsis, A., Matsoukis, A., Manoli, E. & Chronopoulos, K., An artificial neural network model application for the estimation of thermal comfort conditions in mountainous regions, Greece. Atmosfera, 25(2), pp. 171–181, 2012.

[4] Flokas, A., Courses of Meteorology and Climatology, Ziti: Thessaloniki, Greece, p. 465, 1997.

[5] Geiger, R., Climate Near the Ground, Harvard University Press: Cambridge, USA, p. 482, 1950.

[6] Chronopoulos, K., Kamoutsis, A. & Matsoukis, A., Thermal comfort estimation in relation to different orientation in mountainous regions in Greece by using artificial neural networks. Global NEST Journal, 14(4), pp. 532–539, 2012.

[7] Gobiet, A., Kotlarski, S., Beniston, M., Heinrich, G., Rajczak, J. & Stoffel M., 21st century climate change in the European Alps-A review. Science of the Total Environment, 493, pp. 1138–1151, 2014. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2013.07.050

[8] Bolstad, P., Swift, L., Collins, F. & Regniere, J., Measured and predicted air temperatures at basin to regional scales in the southern Appalachian mountains. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 91, pp. 161–176, 1998. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/s0168-1923(98)00076-8

[9] Koutsogiannis, D. & Xanthopoulos, Th., Technical Hydrology (in Greek), 3rd edn., National Technical University of Athens: Greece, p. 418, 1999.

[10] Chronopoulou-Sereli, A. & Flokas, A., Courses of Agricultural Meteorology and Climatology (in Greek), Ziti: Thessaloniki, Greece, p. 557, 2010.

[11] Dobrowski, S., Abatzoglou, J., Greenberg, J. & Schladow, S., How much influence does landscape-scale physiography have on air temperature in a mountain environment? Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 149, pp. 1751–1758, 2009. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.agrformet.2009.06.006

[12] Tsipiras, K., Mountainous Greece and its nature as a “whole” (in Greek). Presented at the 3rd Interdisciplinary and Interuniversity Conference of N.T.U.A. and Metsovion Interdisciplinary Research Centre (M.I.R.C.) of the N.T.U.A., Metsovo, Greece, 2001.

[13] Jansky, L., Ives, J., Furuyashiki, K. & Watanabe, T., Global mountain research for sustainable development. Global Environmental Change, 12, pp. 231–239, 2002. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/s0959-3780(02)00015-8

[14] Papadimatou, A. & Rokos, D., “Sustainable” and worth-living integrated development of mountainous areas in Greece and worldwide (in Greek). Proceedings of the 3rd Interdisciplinary and Interuniversity Conference of N.T.U.A and Metsovion Interdisciplinary Research Centre (M.I.R.C.) of the N.T.U.A., Metsovo, Greece, 2004.

[15] Michailidou, E., Mountainous areas of Greece. Characteristics and development strategies (in Greek). Presented at the 6th Interdisciplinary and Interuniversity of N.T.U.A. and Metsovion Interdisciplinary Research Centre (M.I.R.C.) of the N.T.U.A., Metsovo, Greece, 2008.

[16] Rokos, D., The integrated development of mountainous areas. Theory and practice (in Greek). Proceedings of the 3rd Interdisciplinary and Interuniversity Conference of N.T.U.A. and Metsovion Interdisciplinary Research Centre (M.I.R.C.) of the N.T.U.A., Metsovo, Greece, 2004.

[17] Panagiotou, I., The development of mountainous Nafpaktia area, MSc Thesis (in Greek with English abstract), Harokopio University of Athens, Greece, 2007.

[18] Barradas, V.L., Air temperature and humidity and human comfort index of some city parks of Mexico City. International Journal of Biometeorology, 35, pp. 24–28, 1991. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf01040959

[19] Matsoukis, A., Kamoutsis, A. & Chronopoulou-Sereli, A., Air temperature and thermal comfort conditions in mountainous and urban regions. International Journal of Sustainable Development Planning, 4, pp. 357–363, 2009. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.2495/sdp-v4-n4-357-363

[20] Matsoukis, A., Kamoutsis, A. & Charalampopoulos, I., Evaluation of biometeorological conditions of mountain communities and urban centers in Greece. Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Environmental Management, Engineering, Planning and Economics Skiathos, eds. A. Kungolos, K. Aravossis, A. Karagiannidis & P. Samaras, Greece, June 24–28, pp. 1526–1530, 2007.

[21] Manoli, E., Investigation of bioclimatic conditions and perspectives of development in Gerania mountains, MSc Thesis (in Greek with English abstract), Department of Sciences, Agricultural University of Athens Greece, 2008.

[22] Kamoutsis, A., Matsoukis, A., Charalampopoulos, I. & Chronopoulou-Sereli, A., Biometeorological conditions in mountainous communities and adjacent urban centre in Greece by the use of indices: the case study of mountainous Nafpaktia district. Proceedings of the 3rd International Workshop on Climate, Tourism and Recreation, Alexandroupolis, Greece, September 19–22, pp. 144–149, 2007.

[23] Tseliou, A., Tsiros, I., Lykoudis, S. & Nikolopoulou, M., An evaluation of three biometeorological indices for human thermal comfort in urban outdoor areas under real climatic conditions. Building and Environment, 45, pp. 1346–1352, 2010. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.buildenv.2009.11.009

[24] Ratz, T., European Tourism (Chapters 11, 13), Kodolanyi Janos University College: Hungary, p. 121, 2004.

[25] Aptoglou, I., The development and the sustainable management of ecotourism in protected areas. The case study of Natura 2000, Elatia and Fraktou, districts in the Prefecture of Drama, MSc Thesis (in Greek with English abstract), Department of Sciences (Biology), University of Patra, Greece, 2007.

[26] Cohen, L. & Manion, L., Methodology of Educational Research, trans. Χ. Mitsopoulou & Μ. Filopoulou, Ekfrasi: Athens, 1997.

[27] Spector, P., Summated Rating Scale Construction. An Introduction, Quantitative Applications in the Social Sciences Series, Vol. 82, Sage Publications, Inc.: USA, 1992.

[28] Alonso-Almeida, M., Environmental management in tourism: students’ perceptions and managerial practice in restaurants from a gender perspective. Journal of Cleaner Production, 60, pp. 201–207, 2013. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2012.11.034

[29] Arroyo, C., Barbieri, C. & Rozier Rich, S., Defining agritourism: a comparative study of stakeholders’ perceptions in Missouri and North Carolina. Tourism Management, 37, pp. 39–47, 2013. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tourman.2012.12.007

[30] Bell, J., Methodological Design of Pedagogical and Social Research: Instructions for Students and Candidates PhD (in Greek), Gutenberg: Athens, Greece, p. 251, 1999.

[31] Kyriazi, N., The Social Research. Critical Review of the Methods and the Techniques (in Greek), Ellinika Grammata: Athens, Greece, p. 408, 1999.

[32] Pedagogical Psychological Encyclopedia Dictionary (in Greek), Vol. 4, pp. 2135–2136, Ellinika Grammata: Athens, Greece, 1989.

[33] Ratz, T. & Puczko, L., Rural tourism and sustainable development in Hungary. Rural Tourism Management: Sustainable Options, International Conference, Conference Proceedings, eds. D. Hall & L. O’Hanlon, Scottish Agricultural College, Auchincruive, Ayr, Scotland, UK, pp. 450–464, 1998.

[34] Flanigan, S., Blackstock, K. & Hunter, C., Agritourism from the perspective of providers and visitors: a typology-based study. Tourism Management, 40, pp. 394–405, 2014. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tourman.2013.07.004

[35] Dudensing, R., Hughes, D. & Shields, M., Perceptions of tourism promotion and business challenges: a survey-based comparison of tourism businesses and the promotion organizations. Tourism Management, 32, pp. 1453–1462, 2011. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tourman.2010.10.008

[36] Charalampopoulos, I., Kamoutsis, A., Panagiotou, I. & Chronopoulou-Sereli, A., Investigation of bioclimatic performance in specific mountain areas in Greece and evaluation for decision making in tourism development. Proceedings (CD) in Human Biometeorology, Urban Climatology and Tourism, Environmental Agency of the Republic of Slovenia. Sixth Annual Meeting of the European Meteorological Society (EMS)/Sixth European Conference on Applied Climatology (ECAC), ed. T. Cegnar, Ljubliana, Slovenia, 2007.

[37] Chatzigeorgiou, M., Microclimatic conditions of the mountainous Oxia complex in the Prefecture of Aitoloakarnania, MSc Thesis (in Greek with English abstract). Department of Sciences, Agricultural University of Athens Greece, 2013.