Activated Carbon from Bio-wastes of Durian Fruits as Active Material for Electrodes of Electric Double-layer Capacitors

Activated Carbon from Bio-wastes of Durian Fruits as Active Material for Electrodes of Electric Double-layer Capacitors

Jin Pin Tey Abdul Kariem Arof Mohd Ambar Yarmo Mohamed Abdul Careem

Centre for Ionics University of Malaya, Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

School of Chemical Sciences & Food Technology, Faculty of Science & Technology, National University of Malaysia, 43600 Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia

Corresponding Author Email: 
macareem@um.edu.my
Page: 
183-191
|
DOI: 
https://doi.org/10.14447/jnmes.v18i4.225
Received: 
1 September 2015
|
Accepted: 
1 October 2015
|
Published: 
28 December 2015
| Citation
Abstract: 

In this study, bio-wastes from durian fruits such as seeds and shells have been used as precursor materials to prepare activat-ed carbon (AC). While the applicability of a one-step method of impregnation-activation has been investigated for the activation of durian shells, a two-step method of carbonization-impregnation-activation has been tried for the durian seeds. Durian shells based AC (DSh-AC) was found to have a BET surface area (SBET) of 2004 m2 g-1 and the durian seeds based AC (DS-AC) had SBET of 1176 m2 g-1. A new ap-proach to electrical double-layer capacitor (EDLC) fabrication has been attempted to avoid the use of polymer binders and organic sol-vents in the electrodes by coating the electrode material directly on the separator. Instead of coating onto metal current collector, the AC was coated on a glass microfiber filter which was used as the separator to form the electrode. As an electrode material in the EDLC, DSh-AC performed well with a specific capacitance (CSC) between 72 and 82 F g-1 whereas the DS-AC showed lower values of CSC between 64 and 70 F g-1. The reasonable good results indicate that the simple approach of device fabrication can also produce EDLCs with satisfacto-ry performance parameters.

Keywords: 

durian; bio-waste; activated carbon; electrode material; electric double-layer capacitor

1. Introduction
2. Experimental
3. Results and Discussion
4. Conclusion
Acknowledgements

This study is financially supported by University of Malaya Re-search Grant (UMRG) No. RG223-12AFR and Postgraduate Re-search Fund (PPP) No. PV094-2012A.

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