Ultra-High Intensity Redevelopment of The Core Area of Japanese Rail Transit Hub Station

Ultra-High Intensity Redevelopment of The Core Area of Japanese Rail Transit Hub Station

Cheng-Hao Yang Min-Feng Yao 

School of Architecture, Huaqiao University, Xiamen, China

Key Laboratory of Ecological Environment of Southeast Fujian Province, China

Page: 
245-259
|
DOI: 
https://doi.org/10.2495/SDP-V14-N3-245-259
Received: 
N/A
|
Accepted: 
N/A
|
Published: 
9 September 2019
| Citation

OPEN ACCESS

Abstract: 

Japanese rail transit hub station has gradually changed from being high-intensity to ultra-high intensity with the guidance from the urban regeneration policy. This change aims to promote compact urban construction and optimize public transportation system for sustainable urban development. Along with demand for city expansion and city intensification, land utilization around hub stations gradually change from incremental development mode to redevelopment mode that tends to stock. This study summarizes the implementation of typical ultra-high-intensity redevelopment projects, which are classified into three categories. This study also provides a comparative study of the design methods and strategies of these cases from the perspective of developing intensity, functional layout, pedestrian system, and land- scape space. Finally, this study provides relevant references and suggestions for the ultra-high-intensity redevelopment of the core area of hub stations by analyzing the aforementioned factors

Keywords: 

core area, Japan, rail transit hub station, redevelopment, ultra-high intensity

  References

[1] Holgersen, S. & Haarstad. H., Class, community and communicative planning: urban redevelopment at king’s cross, London. Antipode, 41(2), pp. 348–370, 2009. https://doi. org/10.1111/j.1467-8330.2009.00676.x

[2] Bruinsma, F., Pels, E., Priemus, H., Rietveld, P. & Van Wee, B., Railway Development: Impacts on Urban Dynamics, Physica, 2008.

[3] Caballero, J.A. & Tsukamoto, Y., Tokyo public space networks at the intersection of the commercial and the domestic realms study on transit urban centers. Journal of Asian Architecture and Building Engineering, 8(2), pp. 461–468, November 2009.https://doi. org/10.3130/jaabe.8.461

[4] Morita, Y., Morichi, S. & Ito, M., A study on coordination between urban development and station capacity. Case Studies on Transport Policy, 3(1), pp. 78–91, 2015. https:// doi.org/10.1016/j.cstp.2014.04.003

[5] Shelton, B., Learning from the Japanese City: Looking East in Urban Design, London; New York, NY: Routledge, 2012.

[6] Nikken Sekkei, K.K., Integrated Station-City Development Research Association, Integrated Station-City Development, Beijing: China Architecture & Building Press, 2014.

[7] Zacharias, J., Zhang, T. & Nakajima, N., Tokyo Station City: The railway station as urban place. Urban Design International, 16(4), pp. 242–251, December 2011. https:// doi.org/10.1057/udi.2011.15

[8] Holmgren, S. & Svensson, O., Urban architecture in urban renewal—in dialogue between professionals and residents. Urban Design International, 6(1), pp. 2–14, 2001. https://doi.org/10.1057/palgrave.udi.9000034

[9] Birch, E.L., The Urban and Regional Planning Reader, Routledge, 2009.

[10] Barr, J. & Cohen, J.P., The floor area ratio gradient: New York City, 1890–2009. Regional Science & Urban Economics, 48, pp. 110–119, 2014. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.regsciurbeco.2014.03.004

[11] Crager, E. & Crossney. K., A Comparison Study of Urban Redevelopment Strategies in the Philadelphia metropolitan Area, 2012.

[12] Kashima, K., Station Regeneration, Tokyo: Kajima Press, 2010.

[13] Yamamoto, S., Takehara, J. & Fujihashi, T., Redevelopment of Shibuya - explore the secrets of Shibuya Hikarie. Journal of the Institute of Electrical Engineers of Japan, 314(8), pp. 568–571, 2014. https://doi.org/10.1541/ieejjournal.134.568

[14] Carmona, M. & Magalhaes, C.D. & Edwards, M., Stakeholder views on value and urban design. Journal of Urban Design, 7(2), pp. 145–169, 2002. https://doi. org/10.1080/1357480022000012212

[15] Zhang, X., Guiding effect of urban regeneration policy on comprehensive urban development. Architecture Technique, pp. 20–25, 2015.

[16] Yang, X., Official launch of the large-scale redevelopment project on surrounding area of japanese premier traffic hub Shibuya station. Time Architecture, pp. 77–79, 2009.

[17] Taniguchi, H., Urban Redevelopment, Beijing: China Architecture & Building Press, 2003.

[18] Okada, T., Arita, T. & Omura, K., Study on influences on functions of the central business area of Tokyo from large scale urban redevelopment projects. Journal of the City Planning Institute of Japan, 43(3), pp. 469–474, 2008.

[19] Chena, H., Ookaa, R., Iwamura, K., Huang, H., Yoshizawa, N., Miisho, K. ... & Tanaka, S., Study on sustainable redevelopment of a densely built-up area in Tokyo by introducing a distributed local energy supply system. Energy and Buildings, 40(5), pp. 782–792, 2008. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enbuild.2007.05.012

[20] Morita, K.I., Evaluation of floor area ratio in redevelopment district plan, Tokyo. Journal of the City Planning Institute of Japan, (35), pp. 367–372, 2000.

[21] Ooe Kouhei. Study on Soft-Contribution Facility in the Special District for Urban Regeneration in the Tokyo. Part 2: Actual Operation of Regional Exchange Facility. Summaries of Architectural Institute of Japan, pp. 557–558, 2014.

[22] Corbett, M.J., Xie, F. & Levinson, D., Evolution of the second-story city: The Minneapolis skyway system. Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design, 36(4), pp. 711–724, 2009. https://doi.org/10.1068/b34066

[23] Otsuka, N., Dixon, T. & Abe, H., Stock measurement and regeneration policy approaches to ‘hardcore’ brownfield sites: England and Japan compared. Land Use Policy, 33, pp. 36–41, 2013. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2012.12.002

[24] Yang, C. & Yao, M., The renewal history of Osaka station and enlightenment. Chinese & Overseas Architecture, pp. 27–30, 2017.

[25] Kitaumeda-osaka official organization. www.Kitaumeda-osaka.jp