The preservation of the environment, culture and local traditions and the participation of people are the aspects to consider for a sustainable tourism. In this regard, tourist sustainability should involve the environmental, socio-economic and cultural dimensions.
The Mediterranean has always been the ideal framework for a sustainable tourism; the environment and the cultural heritage existent, in particular in coastal areas, is in fact considerable. The beauties of these areas are still today visited by millions of tourists.
Despite the importance of the topic, observing the current regulations, a tool specifically dedicated to the management of the tourism has not been identified. Therefore, an accurate planning is essential to define innovative strategies aim to combine the benefits to the negative impacts of tourism. This paper proposes a Sustainable Tourism Action Plan – STAP – that seeks to combine these two closely linked aspects. In fact, impacts of tourism – alteration of the landscape, resource depletion and air pollution – are incident precisely on touristic destinations.
For example, the thematic tourism (rural, natural,...) is particularly orients towards the sustainability, and it has positively impact on the major tourist pressures (high number of visitors, seasonal concentrations, use of polluting means of transport,...).
More generally, the above Action Plan is aimed to realize an international strategy adaptable to local situations, to promote sustainable development at the national level and to encourage the creation of networks among different Mediterranean coastal areas. The proposed methodological approach has been applied in Liguria, one of the most visited regions in the Mediterranean.
action plan, mediterranean coastal area, sustainability, tourism
 EEA-UNEP/MAP, Horizon 2020 Mediterranean report toward shared environmental information systems, Luxembourg, 2014.
 UNEP/MAP -Plan Bleu, 2012, Building the Mediterranean future together - Tourism: Economic Activities and Sustainable Development, Plan Bleu Notes, No. 24, Sophia Antipolis, 2012.
 World Travel & Tourism Council –WTTC- Travel & Tourism Economic Impact 2015 Mediterranean, London, 2015.
 UNEP, MAP Mediterranean strategy for sustainable development –MSSD-, 2016-2025, Brussels, 2015.
 UNEP, UNWTO Making Tourism More Sustainable - A Guide for Policy Makers, pp. 11–12, 2005.
 City of Cape Town, Tourism Department, Cape Town Declaration on Responsible Tourism, Johannesburg, 2002.
 EEA Countries and regions Mediterranean Sea region – SOER 2015- Brussels, 2015.
 UNGA Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, New York, 2015.
 United Nations, Framework convention on climate change, Adoption of the Paris agreement, Paris, 2015.
 UNWTO Annual Report 2015 Published by the World Tourism Organization, Madrid, 2016.
 UNEP, UNWTO, Ministère de l’écologie, du développement et de l’aménagement durables ICZM for coastal tourism destinations adapting to climate change, Cagliari, 2009.
 United Nations General Assembly International Year of Sustainable Tourism for Development, 2017, Brussels, 2015.
 UNEP Mediterranean Action Plan – MAP -, Barcelona, 1975.
 UNEP Action Plan for the Protection of the Marine Environment and the Sustainable Development of the Coastal Areas of the Mediterranean –MAP II, Monaco, 2001.
 Dipartimento per gli Affari Regionali, il Turismo e lo Sport Piano Strategico per lo Sviluppo del Turismo in Italia, Roma, 2013.
 Bishop, J., Community Participation in Sustainable Development: Local Agenda 21 Rountable Guidance 1, Local Government Management Board, London, 1994.
 Pirlone, F. & Spadaro, I., Buone pratiche per un turismo ecosostenibile verso un’Agenda 21 del Mediterraneo. In Report Convent MED.NET.EU12, eds, N. Canessa, M. Marengo, E. Nan, M. Gausa, M. Ricci, LISt Trento/Barcellona, pp. 363–369, 2013.
 Pirlone, F., Sotgia, Z., Spadaro, I. & Ugolini, P., The cross border Agenda 21 as a governance tool. In The Sustainable City VII - Set Urban Regeneration and Sustainability, eds, M. Pacetti, G. Passerini, C.A. Brebbia & G. Latini, Ancona, pp. 243–254, 2012. http://dx.doi.org/10.2495/sc120211