High-Speed Rail Systems and Tourists’ Destination Choice: The Case Studies of Paris and Madrid

High-Speed Rail Systems and Tourists’ Destination Choice: The Case Studies of Paris and Madrid

F. Pagliara M. Delaplace  J. M. Vassallo 

Department of Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering, University of Naples Federico II, Italy

Lab’Urba IFU - Université de Paris-Est, France

Centre of Transport Invetigation (TRANSyT) – University of Madrid, Spain

Page: 
399-410
|
DOI: 
https://doi.org/10.2495/SDP-V10-N3-399-410
Received: 
N/A
|
Accepted: 
N/A
|
Published: 
30 June 2015
| Citation

OPEN ACCESS

Abstract: 

The analysis of how tourists select their holiday destinations along with the factors determining their choices is very important for promoting tourism. In particular, transportation is supposed to have a great influence on the tourists’ decisions. The aim of this paper is to investigate the role of High Speed Rail (HSR) systems with respect to a destination choice. Two key tourist destinations in Europe namely Paris, and Madrid, have been chosen to identify the factors influencing this choice. On the basis of two surveys to obtain information from tourists, it has been found that the presence of architectural sites, the quality of promotion of the destination itself, and cultural and social events have an impact while make a choice. However the availability of the HSR systems affects the choice of Paris and Madrid as tourist destinations in a different way. For Paris, TGV is considered a real transport mode alternative among tourists. On the other hand, Madrid is chosen by tourists irrespective of the presence of an efficient HSR network. Data collected from the two surveys have been used for a further quantitative analysis. Regression models have been specified and parameters have been calibrated to identify the factors influencing holidaymakers to revisit Paris and Madrid and visit other tourist places accessible by HSR from these capitals.

Keywords: 

High-speed rail, Madrid, Paris, tourism

  References

[1] UIC (International Union of Railways), High Speed Lines in the World, available at http://www.uic.org/IMG/pdf/20120701_a1_high_speed_lines_in_the_world.pdf (accessed 1 November 2013).

[2] EC White Paper, Roadmap to a single European transport area–towards a competitive and resource efficient transport system, 2011.

[3] Bazin, S., Beckerich, C., Blanquart, C., Delaplace, M. & Vandenbossche, L., Grande vitesse ferroviaire et développement économique local: une revue de la littérature. Recherche, Transports et Sécurité, 27(106), pp. 215–238, 2011. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13547-011-0016-2

[4] Rugg, D., The choice of journey destination: a theoretical and empirical analysis. The Review of Economics and Statistics, 55(1), pp. 64–72, 1973. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1927995

[5] Lim, C., Review of international tourism demand models. Annals of Tourism Research, 24(4), pp. 835–849, 1997. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/s0160-7383(97)00049-2

[6] O’Hagan, J.W. & d Harrison, M.J., Market shares of US tourist expenditure in Europe: an econometric analysis. Applied Economics, 16, pp. 919–993, 1984. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00036848400000060

[7] Koppelman, S.F., Consumer analysis of travel choice. Journal of Advanced Transportation, 14(2), pp. 133–159, 1980.

[8] Song, H. & Li, G., Tourism demand modeling and forecasting–a review of recent research. International Journal of Hospitality Management, 22(4), pp. 435–451, 2008.

[9] Witt, S.F. & Witt, C.A. Forecasting tourism demand: a review of empirical research. International Journal of Forecasting, 11, pp. 447–475, 1995. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0169-2070(95)00591-7

[10] Song, H. & Wong, K.F. Tourism demand modelling: a time varying parameter approach. Tourism Management, 23, pp. 475–487, 2003. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0047287503253908

[11] Beerlin, A. & Martin, J.D. Tourist characteristics and the perceived image of tourist destinations: a quantitative analysis. Tourism Management, 25, pp. 623–636, 2004. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tourman.2003.06.004

[12] Decrop, A. & Snelders, D., Planning the summer vacation: an adaptable process. Annals of Tourism Research, 31(4), pp. 1008–1030, 2004. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annals.2004.03.004

[13] Pina, I.P.A. & Delfa, M.T.D., Rural tourism demand by type of accommodation. Tourism Management, 26, pp. 951–959, 2005. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tourman.2004.06.013

[14] Filippini, R., Strumenti statistici per l’analisi esplorativa dei sistemi turistici, Phd thesis, University di Bologna, Dipartimento di Scienze Statistiche, 2006.

[15] Prideaux, B., The role of the transport system in destination development. Tourism Management, 21(1), pp. 53–63, 2000. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/s0261-5177(99)00079-5

[16] Prideaux, B., Possible effects of new transport technologies on the tourism industry in the 21st Century. Australasian Transport Research Forum, 18, pp. 245–258, 1993.

[17] Crampon, L. J., A New Technique to Analyze Tourist Markets. Journal of Marketing, 30(2), pp. 27–31, 1966. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1249060

[18] Masson, S. & Petiot, R., Can the high speed rail reinforce tourism attractiveness? The case of the high speed rail between Perpignan (France) and Barcelona (Spain). Technovation, 29(9), pp. 611–617, 2009. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.technovation.2009.05.013

[19] Wang, X., Huang, S., Zou, T. & Yan, H., Effects of the high speed rail network on China’s regional tourism development. Tourism Management Perspectives, 1, pp. 34–38, 2012. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tmp.2011.10.001

[20] Levinson, D. M., Accessibility impacts of high-speed rail, Journal of Transport Geography, 22, pp. 288–291, 2012. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2012.01.029

[21] Albalate, D. & Bel, G., High-Speed Rail: Lessons for Policy Makers from Experiences Abroad, Research Institute of Applied Economics. Working Paper 03, 34 pp., 2010.

[22] DB International GmbH, High Speed Rail as a tool for regional development (In-depth Study), 08 August 2011.

[23] SEEDA (South East England Development Agency), HST Impact Study, Final report for European Commission, available at http://www.hstimpactstudy.net/HTdocs/ Images/mainreport 150408.pdf, 2008.

[24] Rietveld, P., Bruinsma, F., van Delft, H. & Ubbels, B., Economic impacts of high speed trains. Experiences in Japan and France: expectations in The Netherlands. Serie Research Memoranda (de Faculteit der Economische Wetenschappen en Bedrijfskunde, 2001.

[25] Coronado, J., Garmendia, M., Moyano, A. & Ureña, J., Assessing Spanish HSR network utility for same-day tourism. Recherche Transport et Sécurité, 29, pp.161–175, 2013.

[26] Chen, Z. & Haynes, K. E., Tourism industry and high speed rail, is there a linkage: evidence from China’s High Speed Rail development, ASRDLF 2012 conference special session on High Speed Rail, Tourism and Territories, 9th–11th July, Belfort, France, 2012. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2130830

[27] Carrouet, G., Du TGV Rhin-Rhône au territoire Rhin-Rhône: réticularité, mobilité et territorialité dans un espace intermédiaire. Thèse en géographie et Aménagement, de l’Université de Bourgogne, pp. 518, 2013. 

[28] Mignerey, P., Les effets territoriaux de la grande vitesse ferroviaire en France. La Documentation Française, pp. 96, 2013.

[29] Setec organisation, Etude des effets de la réalisation d’une LGV entre Bordeaux et Narbonne sur le développement des aires urbaines d’Agen et de Montauban et sur l’aménagement des territoires traversés, pour Réseau Ferré de France, pp. 20, 2005.

[30] Seddighi, H.R. & Theocharous, A.L., A model of tourism destination choice: a theoretical and empirical analysis. Tourism Management, 23, pp. 475–487, 2002. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/s0261-5177(02)00012-2

[31] Barros, C. P. & Assaf, A. G., Analyzing Tourism Return Intention to an Urban Destination. Journal of Hospitality & Tourism Research, 36, pp. 216–231, 2012.

[32] Delaplace M., Pagliara F., Perrin J. & Mermet. S. Can High Speed Rail foster the choice of destination for tourism purpose? Procedia–Social and Behavioral Sciences, 111, pp.166–175, 2014. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2014.01.049

[33] Pagliara, F., Delaplace, M. & Vassallo, J.M., High Speed trains and tourists: what is the link? Evidence from the French and the Spanish capitals. Proceedings of the conference Urban Transport XX - Urban Transport and the Environment in the 21st century. WIT Transactions on the Built Environment, 138, pp. 17–27, 2014. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.2495/ut140021