Semi-active optimization control of space grid model with self-reset piezoelectric friction damper

Semi-active optimization control of space grid model with self-reset piezoelectric friction damper

Yang Liu Meng Zhan Guangyuan Weng Sheliang Wang 

College of Civil Engineering, Xi’an University of Architecture and Technology, Xi’an 710055, China

School of Civil Engineering & Geodesy, Shaanxi College of Communication Technology, Xi’an 710018, China

College of Architecture Engineering, HuangHuai University, Zhumadian 463000, China

Mechanical Engineering College Xi’an Shiyou University, Xi’an 710065, China

Corresponding Author Email: 
yangliu1106@163.com
Page: 
503-515
|
DOI: 
https://doi.org/10.3166/ACSM.42.503-515
Received: 
|
Accepted: 
|
Published: 
31 December 2018
| Citation

OPEN ACCESS

Abstract: 

This paper attempts to reduce the seismic hazards of building structure with an intelligent material called piezoelectric ceramics (PC). Specifically, the author designed a self-reset piezoelectric friction damper (SRPFD) based on laminated PC, and the number and position of dampers were optimized with genetic algorithm (GA) on the Matlab. On this basis, a large 24m×24m square pyramid space truss structure model was created, and the GA was optimized by the Gads toolbox. Then, 60 SRPFDs were selected to analyze the seismic response of the building structure. The results show that the control effect of the SRPFDs was improved by nearly 32.5% after the optimization. This research findings shed new light on semi-active optimization control of space grid models

Keywords: 

genetic algorithm (GA), Optimal layout, Piezoelectric friction damper (PFD), Semi-active control

1. Introduction
2. Structure of SRPFD and damping force model
3. Control strategy
4. Structure model and optimization algorithm
5. Semi-active optimization control
6. Conclusions
Acknowledgment

The authors gratefully acknowledge the support of the Scientific Research Program Funded by Shaanxi Provincial Education Department (Program No.17JK0072).

  References

Amjadian M., Agrawal A. K. (2017). A passive electromagnetic eddy current friction damper (PEMECFD). Theoretical and analytical modeling. Structural Control and Health Monitoring, Vol. 24, No. 10, pp. 1-23. https://doi.org/10.1002/stc.1978

Chen C. Q., Chen G. D. (2004). Shake table tests of a quarter-scale three-story building model with piezoelectric friction dampers. Structural Control and Health Monitoring, Vol. 11, No. 4, pp. 239-257. https://doi.org/10.1002/stc.41

Chen G. D., Garrett G. T., Chen C. Q., Cheng F. (2004). Piezoelectric friction dampers for earthquake mitigation of buildings design fabrication and characterization. Structural Engineering and Mechanics, Vol. 17, No. 3-4, pp. 539-556. https://doi.org/10.12989/sem.2004.17.3_4.539

Ghaffarzadeh H., Dehrod E. A., Talebian N. (2013). Semi-active fuzzy control for seismic response reduction of building frames using variable orifice dampers subjected to near-fault earthquakes. Journal of Vibration and Control, Vol. 19, No. 13, pp. 1980-1999. https://doi.org/10.1177/1077546312449179

Jaffe B., Cook W. R., Jaffe H. (1971). Piezoelectric ceramics. Academic Press, London.

Kannan S., Uras H. M., Aktan H. M. (1995). Active control of building seismic response by energy dissipation. Earthquake Engineering & Structural Dynamics, Vol. 24, pp. 747-759. https://doi.org/10.1002/eqe.4290240510

Laflamme S., Taylor D., Maane M. A., Connor J. J. (2012). Modified friction device for control of large-scale systems. Structural Control and Health Monitoring, Vol. 19, No. 4, pp. 548-64. https://doi.org/10.1002/stc.454

Liu W. F., Ren X. B. (2009), Large piezoelectric effect in Pb-free ceramics. Phys RevLett, Vol. 103, No. 25. pp. 1-4. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.103.257602

Moulson A. J., Herbert J. M. (2003). Electroceramics: Materials, Properties, Applications. Wiley, Chichester.

Ou J. P., Guan X. C. (1999). Research and development of civil engineering intelligent structure system. Earthquake Engineering and Engineering Vibration, Vol. 12, No. 2, pp. 21-28. https://doi.org/10.13197/j.eeev.1999.02.004

Pardo-Varela J., de la Llera J. C. (2015). A Semi-active piezoelectric friction damper. Earthquake Engineering & Structural Dynamics, Vol. 44, No. 3. pp. 333-354. https://doi.org/10.1002/eqe.2469

Qu W. L., Chen Z. H., Xu Y. L. (2000). Wind-induced vibration control of high-rise steel-truss tower using piezoelectric smart friction dampers. Journal of Earthquake Engineering and Engineering Vibration, Vol. 20, No. 1, pp. 94-99. https://doi.org/10.13197/j.eeev.2000.01.014

Senousy M. S., Rajapakse R. K. N. D., Mumford D., Gadala M. S. (2009). Self-heat generation in piezoelectric stack actuators used in fuel injectors. Smart Mater Struct, Vol.,18, No. 4. https://doi.org/10.1088/0964-1726/18/4/045008

Uchino K. (2000). Ferroelectric devices. Marcel Dekker, New York.

Yamamoto M., Aizawa S., Higashino M., Toyama K. (2001). Practical application of active mass dampers with hydraulic actuator. Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics, Vol. 30, No. 11, pp. 1697-1717. https://doi.org/10.1002/eqe.88

Yang Y., Ou J. P. (2005), Numerical analysis of piezoelectric variable friction damper vibration attenuation structure. Journal of Vibration and Shock, Vol. 24, No. 6, pp. 1-4. https://doi.org/10.13465/j.cnki.jvs.2005.06.001

Zhao D. H., Li H. N. (2010). Shaking table tests and analyses of semi-active fuzzy control for structural seismic reduction with a piezoelectric variable friction damper. Smart Materials and Structures, Vol. 19, No. 10, pp. 105031. https://doi.org/10.1088/0964-1726/19/10/105031

Zhao D. H., Li Y. X., Li H. N., Qian H. (2016). Research on semi-active isolation structure based on multi-stage fuzzy control. Journal of Vibration and Shock, Vol. 35, No. 13, pp. 78-84. https://doi.org/10.13465/j.cnki.jvs.2016.13.013